Everything You Should Know about Kidney Transplant

Everything You Should Know about Kidney Transplant

Everything You Should Know about Kidney Transplant

According to the data, the government estimates that around 1.8 million people suffer from renal failure each year. Contrary to that, the number of renal transplants performed is about 6000.

If you or your family member is diagnosed with renal failure, it will likely require kidney transplant surgery. So, before anything else, you must know kidney transplant cost and several other crucial factors involved in the procedure.

Overview of Kidney Failure and Transplant

A kidney transplant is an operation to insert a healthy kidney from a deceased or living donor into a patient whose kidneys aren’t functioning correctly.

Kidneys, a bean-shaped structured organ, are situated on each side of the spine beneath the rib cage. With each about the size of one fist, the primary function of this organ is to eliminate waste, minerals, and fluid from the blood through urine production.

When kidneys cease to filter blood, harmful waste and fluid accumulate in the body, which may elevate blood pressure and lead to renal failure (end-stage kidney disease). This is the condition where kidneys lose around 90 per cent of their capacity to function normally and perform daily activities.

Causes of Kidney Failure

The most common causes of kidney disease at the end-stage include:

  • Diabetes
  • Uncontrolled, chronically elevated blood pressure
  • Chronic Glomerulonephritis – an inflammation leading to scarring of the tiny filtering systems within the kidneys
  • Kidney disease with polycystic kidneys

Therefore, if you suffer from end-stage kidney disease, getting your bloodstream cleansed of waste through the process called dialysis or going for an organ transplant is a must to remain in good health.

What is Kidney Transplant?

When you undergo a kidney transplant, a healthy kidney is placed in your body to perform what your kidneys cannot. You can inherit this healthy kidney from someone who has passed away or an individual who has two healthy kidneys and decides to donate one; while the former is called a deceased donor, the latter is known as an active donor.

A successful transplant can enable you to prolong your life and live the lifestyle you had before the kidney disease developed. For most patients, there are fewer restrictions regarding what you can eat and drink, but you must adhere to a heart-healthy diet and maintain a healthy weight to ensure that your new kidney can last for a long time. The transplant can also increase your overall health and energy levels. In addition, research shows that people with kidney transplants last longer than those on dialysis.

A kidney transplant makes it possible to “cure” the kidney condition. However, there are several dangers following the transplant. For example, the anti-rejection medication you need to take for your new kidney to function can cause adverse consequences, such as a higher chance of developing infections and certain kinds of cancer.

While most transplants work and last for a long time, the period they last can vary from one person to another. This is because, based on your age, you may require multiple kidney surgeries throughout your life.

What are the Potential Risks of an Organ Transplant?

As with all surgeries, there are risks of complications; a few of which are:

  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Blockage of blood vessels that connect to the kidneys of the future
  • Leakage of urine, or the blockage of urine from the urinary tract
  • Newly transplanted kidneys may not work

As per the NHS, it is estimated that rejection occurs 10 to 15 times every 100 patients within the first year following the kidney transplant.

Rejection is a normal reaction of your body to foreign objects or tissue. This means that when the new kidney is transplanted into your body, the immune system responds to what it perceives as an attack on a newly transplanted organ. Therefore, to allow the transplanted kidney to remain viable, you must take prescribed medication aimed at empowering your immune system to accept the transplant and not threaten it as a foreign object.

Certain patients are at a greater chance of rejection than others. However, the medications used to prevent this problem can cause other harmful side effects. These effects are dependent on the particular medications used.

You may be at risk of rejection if you:

  • already had a transplant earlier
  • have a blood transfusion
  • are pregnant (for women), or
  • have been exposed to antibodies

Kidney Transplant Cost in India 

Kidney surgery costs differ from state to state, depending on the hospital you select. However, the present kidney transplant cost ranges from Rs.5 lakh to Rs. 6 lakh in private hospitals across the country.

Conclusion 

Kidney surgery costs differ from state to state, depending on the hospital you select. However, the present kidney transplant cost ranges from Rs.5 lakh to Rs. 6 lakh in private hospitals across the country.

Conclusion Once you have established comparisons and estimated the kidney transplant cost, you can choose the healthcare facility to undergo a successful surgery. You must, however, follow a healthy lifestyle, diet, and exercise routine, and pay a visit to your kidney transplant doctor for regular check-ups.

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